By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The booklet specializes in geological historical past because the severe consider settling on the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. different using mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored through reviewing the heritage of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the function of mountain uplift and weather swap.
This publication provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic checklist of Amazonia that used to be characterised by way of fluvial and long-lived lake structures and a hugely assorted natural world. This fauna comprises giants similar to the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but additionally a different fish fauna and fragile molluscs, when fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
eventually, a evaluation the molecular datasets of the fashionable Amazonian rainforest and aquatic atmosphere, discussing the potential kin among the foundation of Amazonian species range and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the United States. The multidisciplinary technique in comparing the background of Amazonia has led to a accomplished quantity that offers novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One advent: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic heritage of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the advance of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin method (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for local Geology in Northern South the United States (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its effect on prior Fluvial platforms (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the advance of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine impact in Amazonia: facts from the Geological checklist (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the US and their effect on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement approaches in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather edition in Amazonia throughout the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain diversity (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen glossy Andean Rainfall edition in the course of ENSO Cycles and its influence at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A overview of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the USA (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement over the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The starting place of the trendy Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical list (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological standpoint (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and old techniques to styles of Tree range and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian vegetation and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular viewpoint (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular reviews and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic versions (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the beginning of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
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Additional info for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
F. de Roever are based on Rb-Sr isochrons, which are now no longer thought to reflect the age of crystallization. Santos et al. (2000), on the basis of new U-Pb zircon ages, make a different subdivision. Dall’Agnol et al. (1999) avoid the term geochronological provinces, and refer to them as blocks, using the same boundaries as Tassinari et al. (2000). 75 Ga rather than a series of discrete events as suggested by both subdivisions. Furthermore, there is a series of better defined anorogenic Mesoproterozoic granitoid intrusions, concentrated along the northwestern and southwestern parts of the shield.
Kalliola et al. 1993) as major parts of the region are hardly accessible and remote sensing techniques cannot grasp the variety without substantial ‘ground-truthing’. If our knowledge of Amazonia’s present is limited, this is even more so for its past. When did the Amazonian landscape and Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A Look into the Past Edited by C. P. Wesselingh © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. indd 1 jungles arise? What climatic, chemical, geological and other non-biological processes were involved in the development of these ecosystems and sustain them now, and what part did they play in the previous episodic demise of these ecosystems?
Mafic dykes of Proterozoic to Permo-Triassic age testify to various phases of extension, rifting and basin formation, including the formation of the Paleozoic basin system and the later Amazon drainage basin itself. Uplift and denudation since Gondwana break-up greatly increased sediment fluxes towards the surrounding basins from the Mesozoic onwards. Introduction The Amazonian Craton forms the oldest nucleus of the South American continent, and is divided by the Amazon drainage basin into two parts, the Guiana Shield in the north, and the Guaporé or Central Brazilian Shield in the south (Fig.
Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past by Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh