By R. N. Reddy
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Extra info for Agricultural Process Engineering
A combination of ceiling fans and air conditioning dries seed safely and very quickly. Seed ,should be spread out in thin layers and then stirred several times a day until dry. Once the seeds feel dry, they should cure for another two to three weeks. Curing is the final stage in the drying process. As the seed moisture content declines it comes into equilibrium with the relative humidity. After the seeds are cured they can be placed in a container. When drying seeds, choose plywood, window screen, or any hard, non-stick surface.
Examples of wet processed seed plants include cucumbers, melons, and tomatoes. Some vegetables can be either dry processed or wet processed, for example, peppers, and squash. 32 Agricultural Process Engineering Rule of Harvesting The basic rule of harvesting is to allow the seed to mature as long as possible on the plant without the seed or fruit becoming diseased, or overly ripe. Each type of plant has an optimum time for collecting the seed, but factors such as climate, weather, disease, insects, birds, or predatory mammals may require that the seed be collected at less than the optimum time.
Avoid using paper towels, newspaper, cardboard, or cloth because seeds will tend to stick to the surface making them difficult to remove. Beginning growers often make the mistake of drying squash seed on newspaper, which adheres permanently to the seed coat. No one wants to read the daily news on the surface of squash seed. SEED PROCESSING EQUIPMENT Threshing Equipment For small-scale seed production, it is often not cost effective to purchase threshing equipment because of the small volume of seed produced.
Agricultural Process Engineering by R. N. Reddy