Download A European Security Architecture after the Cold War: by Gülnur Aybet (auth.) PDF

By Gülnur Aybet (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230598552

ISBN-13: 9780230598553

ISBN-10: 0312230575

ISBN-13: 9780312230579

ISBN-10: 1349404322

ISBN-13: 9781349404322

A ecu protection structure after the chilly warfare presents a serious account of the re-projection and redefinition of Western values and safety associations within the post-Coldwar period. this modification is explored in 3 levels. the 1st level covers the interval 1990-91 and explains the upkeep of a `western protection group' inherited from the chilly warfare, via a strategy of institutional reconstruction principally performed on paper. the second one degree from 1991 to 1992 sees the incorporation of a `purpose' for those associations as a framework for the implementation of collective safety. The 3rd degree explores the rising questions of legitimacy surrounding the hot initiatives of those associations as they turn into embroiled within the struggle within the former Yugoslavia. The precedents of valid intervention in upholding democracy, unfastened markets and human rights within the post-coldwar period are tested from the views of foreign legislations and Gramscian derived recommendations of legitimacy, targeting the attractiveness of army strength by way of civil society, and the way intervention in those phrases turns into a 'cultural practice'.

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Extra info for A European Security Architecture after the Cold War: Questions of Legitimacy

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Also in the 1970s, writers started to turn to examine the effects of external dynamics on integration, whereas earlier studies of neo-functionalism had focused on internal dynamics such as elite calculations of loss or gain. 43 The development of common positions towards external factors was seen as a measure of integration by the neo-functionalists. Although neo-functionalism does not provide all the answers to the question why nations integrate, it nevertheless provides some very useful concepts, such as, spill-over effect, ‘learning process’, the shared political commitment between elites and ‘leaders’, the attainment of a sense of community, externalisation and the value of contractual agreements – all of which could shed light on the integration process.

The definition of a regime as given by Krasner is that it must possess: 1) Principles 2) Norms 28 The Dynamics of European Security Cooperation, 1945–91 3) Rules 4) Decision Making Procedures around which actors’ expectations converge on a given area of international relations. The principles of a regime are the beliefs of fact and causation. Norms are standards of behaviour defined by rights and obligations. Rules are specific prescriptions for action. 46 Regime theory assumes that states act under self restraint since regimes are not agreements based on short-sighted self interest.

However, as an early attempt at federalist integration it was not received with enthusiasm, and was completely abandoned when the Nazis gained electoral success in 1933 and when Briand himself died in 1932. After the war, the failings of the League of Nations and earlier attempts at integration became more significant in the eyes of those who had fought against Nazi aggression. Resistance leaders from various European countries urged the need for a supranational order in Europe because they believed that the League of Nations had failed in preventing the Second World War for two reasons: 42 The Dynamics of European Security Cooperation, 1945–91 1) It was made up of sovereign states and therefore it did not have the political authority or material power to force states into line.

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A European Security Architecture after the Cold War: Questions of Legitimacy by Gülnur Aybet (auth.)

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