By Logan E. Whalen
After approximately 8 centuries and lots more and plenty examine and writing on Marie de France, the one biographical details we all know approximately her, with any measure of sure bet, is that she used to be from France and wrote for the Anglo-Angevin courtroom of Henry II. but Marie de France continues to be this present day essentially the most well known literary voices of the tip of the twelfth century and used to be the 1st lady of letters to write down in French. The chapters during this e-book are composed via students who've really expert in Marie de France reviews, as a rule for a few years. supplying conventional perspectives along new serious views, the authors speak about many various points of her poetics.
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Extra info for A Companion to Marie de France (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition)
12 Hans Schwerteck, “Eine neue Etymologie von Bisclavret,” Romanische Forschungen 104 (1992), 160–63. 15 In Tyolet and the so-called Wauchier continuation of the Conte del Graal, the hero must catch the stag, cut off its foot (Tyolet) or head (Graal), and present it to the fairy to obtain her favors. In some of the texts in this tradition the mistress is a fairy who has sent the animal to draw the knight to her in the Other-World; in others it is the fairy herself who is transformed into the animal.
This we have already observed in the lais of Marie de France. But it is also a similar process when one observes the large use of classical sources. If one concedes that Chevrefoil is from the Tristan tradition, itself long thought to have ties to Irish folklore,23 one is left with a diminishing number of texts that have much more to do with Celtic lore than place names, titles, and the names of characters. Yonec is often thought of as one of the lais to have come from the Celtic tradition. Cross early isolated three Celtic motifs: 1) the supernatural lover as a bird found in Togail Bruidna Da Derga, an Irish tale found in a 15thcentury manuscript but thought to be earlier in oral form; 2) a fairy lover makes a woman his mistress.
1), and Chaitivel (v. 3); and in the epilogues to Fresne (v. 1), Bisclavret (v. 315), Les Deus Amanz (v. 1), Yonec (v. 551), Laüstic (v. 157), and Eliduc (v. 45 The prologues and epilogues to the stories in the collection are replete with terms that evoke memory, a central concern of Marie de France not only in the Lais but in her other works as well. As we have seen in the prologue to Guigemar, the first lai, Marie is not forgotten in her time (“en sun temps pas ne s’oblie”). The prologue to Equitan, the next lai after Guigemar, is even more direct in its evocation of memory: Mut unt esté noble barun Cil de Bretaine, li Bretun.
A Companion to Marie de France (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition) by Logan E. Whalen